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Astarte, or as she's often known in the Bible, Ashtoreth,
was the daughter of Asherah. I know ... the names are so
similar, you might think I'm talking about the goddess, Asherah, again.
Astarte was a global goddess, worshipped by many people.
The Egyptians made Astarte and Anath two separate goddesses,
each served by her own priests. Astarte is mentioned in
the Amarna letters (14th Century BCE). She was consort to
Chemosh, the national god of Moab. Much later, she became
the chief goddess of Sidon (see King Solomon story below).
Such a popular goddess was bound to reach the Hebrews,
and her popularity carries over to the Bible, though not
to the extent that her mother, Asherah, is mentioned (Astoreth
is mentioned nine times, whereas Asherah is mentioned some
The Levite city, Ashtartu, is referred to several times
... being the capital of Og (legendary giant king of Bashan),
who was defeated by Chedorlaomer.
In other cities, archaeologists have uncovered not only
statues of Astarte of the Two Horns (Ashtoreth), but also
molds from which statues could be mass produced.
Many scholars believe that it was none other than King
Solomon who introduced Astarte (Ashtoreth) to the Hebrew
people when he married his Sidonian wife. Whoever introduced
her, however, she certainly enjoyed a long reign among
Samuel Purges Ashtoreth
Like her mother, Astarte was worshipped in the groves
until the time of Samuel, when he purged Jerusalem of Baal
and Ashtoreth (Astarte).
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